Study Finds Bar Codes Helpful in Reducing Medication Errors

Medication errors are one of the most serious and easily preventable errors committed in hospitals around the country. According to the Institute of Medicine, medication errors result in 7,000 deaths, injure 1.5 million people and cost hospitals, insurance companies and providers over $3.5 billion annually.

From accidental overdoses to allergic reactions, errors in the transcription and distribution of medication can have serious and, in some cases, lethal consequences for patients. As a result, providers have long sought ways to improve patient safety. Reducing medication errors helps reduce costs and, ultimately, improves the level of care patients receive.

As questions about how to improve patient safety continue, a new study by Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH) suggests that bar codes may be part of the answer. For the study, researchers at BWH compared patients who received medication through a bar code and electronic medication administration system and those who did not. By using the new system, transcription errors were eliminated and potential adverse events fell by 51 percent. Timing errors, which include getting the wrong dose at the wrong time, were reduced by 27 percent.

Nearly 6 million doses are issued at BWH annually and the researchers concluded that the new bar code system will prevent 90,000 serious medication errors every year.

Medication errors come in different forms, though transcription and dosage related errors are common. Poor handwriting by doctors has often been cited as the root cause for transcription errors. According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, poor penmanship is responsible for 6 percent of all hospital medication errors. A study conducted in the 1970s found that nearly one-third of all physicians’ handwriting was illegible. More recent studies have cited an improvement, but still find a significant number of doctors have handwriting that is only marginally legible.

Combining Hobbies With Cruise Holidays

Taking a cruise vacation has been an area of the travel industry that has been playing a period of increase for some time now and there are many reasons for the continuing reputation of holidays afloat.

One of the important thing elements behind this ongoing buoyancy ought to be due to the huge kind of human beings attracted to travel by using sea through the wide range of sports which may be undertaken onboard or ashore. Activities which appeal to customers pursuits, and passions which they may not constantly have the possibility or the time to take part in all through their day to day lifestyles whilst busy at work or with own family or other commitments and many others. For those clients, they ought to be keen to select a vacation where they’ve the choice to completely immerse themselves in their interests if they so want.

Cruise Holidays provide the choice to participate in one of these large range of interests and hobbies – they surely are a tremendous holiday preference for many many humans. An instance would be golfing, a miles loved sport by using many Brits, each male and lady, and by people of all ages. Holiday makers who are keen to exercise their swing when they have a wreck from work may not move far incorrect with a cruise. Many cruise traces offer a few shape of golf onboard inside the shape of mini courses, golf simulators or classes. There are even cruises to be had in which you could visit or even a number of the best golfing guides within the global ashore, often in breathtakingly stunning coastal places.

Other energetic pastimes and hobbies which may be indulged when on a cruise holiday encompass in line skating, ice skating, surfing or rock climbing with Royal Caribbean International, boules with Celebrity Cruises, and ten pin bowling with Norwegian Cruise Lines.

Passengers on cruise vacations also can analyze new abilities, or boom their know-how or competencies in a extensive variety of subjects at the huge range of classes which can be to be had onboard. These include wine tasting, cooking, dancing, chess and card video games. Some cruise lines, along with Cunard even offer what they name ‘Enrichment’ programmes, and they invite specialists onboard to train their guests on various fascinating subjects such as astronomy, artwork or acting.

And travelers should not overlook to take a look at the host of shore tours wherein they also can indulge in their hobbies on a cruise holiday, or absorb a brand new hobby. How about scuba diving or snorkelling at some of the sector’s maximum beautiful beaches? Fishing in beautiful Alaska? Horse driving in the Bahamas or the possibility to hone their photographic competencies in a number of the most jaw droppingly stunning locations on the planet.

Attorney’s Guide to Medical Malpractice For South Carolina (SC) Lawyers and Plaintiffs

Medical and health care providers – primarily hospitals, surgeons, doctors, pharmacists, physicians, nurses and emergency medical technicians (“EMTs”) — are expected to offer us care and support during our most critical moments. The vast majority of medical and health care providers do offer excellent care that will help us to recover from a personal injury or medical condition. However, some providers fail to meet the requisite standard of care, and, under such circumstances, may be guilty of medical malpractice.

COMMON TYPES OF MEDICAL MALPRACTICE

Medical malpractice, commonly called “medmal” for short, generally occurs when a negligent, careless or reckless act, mistake, error, or omission by a doctor or other medical professional causes damage or harm to a patient. It has been estimated that almost 98,000 people die in hospitals in the United States each year, and that medication errors injure approximately 1.3 million people per year. Medical malpractice errors or negligence typically occur in the diagnosis or treatment of a patient, and may include, but are not limited to:

>Failure to treat
>Wrong treatment
>Delay in diagnosis
>Failure to diagnose
>Failure to rule out causes or conditions
>Misdiagnosis
>Failure to test
>Failure to obtain informed consent
>Surgical injury
>Wrong prescription of drugs
>Patient abandonment
>Use of defective medical products

A patient’s right to recover compensation for medical malpractice is generally governed by common law as well as statutes and regulations which have been promulgated to protect patients who have been subjected to medical malpractice or medical negligence. Medical malpractice suits are usually complex, time-consuming, expensive to litigate, dependent upon expert testimony, and vigorously defended by health care providers and their insurers.

ELEMENTS OF A MEDICAL MALPRACTICE OR MEDICAL NEGLIGENCE CLAIM

The medical malpractice personal injury victim is commonly referenced as a “plaintiff” and the person or entity that caused the harm is commonly referenced as a “defendant.” The South Carolina Supreme Court has set forth the elements of negligence with regard to a medical malpractice personal injury claim that a plaintiff has to prove as follows:

>A physician-patient relationship exists
>The generally recognized and accepted practices and procedures that would be followed by average, competent practitioners in the defendants’ field of medicine under the same or similar circumstances >That the defendant departed from the recognized and generally accepted standards
>The defendant’s departure from such generally recognized practices and procedures was the proximate cause of the plaintiff’s alleged injuries and damages

Thus, the medical malpractice lawyer and his client must present evidence to meet each of the foregoing elements at trial.

A physician commits malpractice by not exercising that degree of skill and learning that is ordinarily possessed and exercised by members of the profession in good standing acting in the same or similar circumstances. Durham v. Vinson, 360 S.C. 639 (2004). A plaintiff and his attorney must proffer expert testimony to prove both the required standard of care and the defendant’s failure to conform to that standard, unless the subject matter lies within the ambit of common knowledge so that no special learning is required to evaluate the conduct of the defendants.

INFORMED CONSENT CLAIM

A physician’s failure to obtain a patient’s “informed consent” with regard to a procedure or treatment is a form of medical malpractice. The term “informed consent” means that a physician must tell a patient all of the potential benefits, risks, and alternatives involved in any surgical procedure, diagnostic procedure, medical procedure, therapeutic procedure, or other course of treatment, and must obtain the patient’s written consent to proceed. Under Informed consent law, a physician who performs a diagnostic, therapeutic, or surgical procedure has a duty to disclose to a patient of sound mind, in the absence of an emergency that warrants immediate medical treatment, (1) the diagnosis, (2) the general nature of the contemplated procedure, (3) the material risks involved in the procedure, (4) the probability of success associated with the procedure, (5) the prognosis if the procedure is not out, and (6) the existence of any alternatives to the procedure. Thus, the plaintiff and his lawyer must present evidence of the physician’s breach of the foregoing elements of an informed consent claim in order to prevail at trial.

BREACH OF CONTRACT OR WARRANTY CLAIM

While most health care providers will not guarantee or warrant a particular outcome, there are times when they do, and a failure to successfully provide the outcome may give rise to a breach of contract or breach of warranty claim. These type cases usually involve plastic surgery wherein the patient is told that his or her post-surgery physical appearance will be the same as demonstrated on a computerized enhancement of the patient’s photograph. Thus, much like a business breach of contract claim, the plaintiff and his lawyer must present evidence of the physician’s breach of the stated warranty or guarantee by the preponderance of evidence in order to prevail at trial.

COMPENSATION IN MEDICAL MALPRACTICE CASES

In a medical malpractice personal injury lawsuit, a victim seeks compensation for the injury or injuries he or she has suffered. Compensation can include past and future medical expenses, disability or deformity, loss of income, emotional and mental anguish, loss of a spouse’s comfort and society, past and future pain and suffering, and an amount which would be necessary to make the person whole as respects a permanent personal injury. McNeil v. United States, 519 F.Supp. 283 (D.S.C. 1981). In cases where the defendant acted recklessly, maliciously or willfully, punitive damages may also be awarded. Punitive damages in medical malpractice lawsuits are intended to punish the responsible party and deter others from committing the same acts. Gamble v. Stevenson, 305 S.C. 104, 406 S.E.2d 350 (1991). If a wrongful death results from the medical malpractice, the decedent’s beneficiaries are entitled to compensation.

CAPS ON MEDICAL MALPRACTICE DAMAGES

For medical malpractice cases arising on or after July 1, 2005, which placed caps on non-economic damages a patient could recover from a liable defendant health care provider. S.C. Code § 15-32-220(a) limits the civil liability for non-economic damages of the health care provider to an amount not to exceed $350,000 for each claimant regardless of the number of separate causes of action on which the claim is based. S.C. Code § 15-32-220(a) provides an exception to the foregoing cap where the health care provider is proven to be grossly negligent, willful, wanton or reckless and that conduct was the proximate cause of the claimant’s non-economic damages. S.C. Code 15-32-220(b) provides that the $350,000 cap is limited to each claimant. S.C. Code 15-32-220(c) allows a claimant to stack his claim, and provides that up to three health care providers may be subject to the $350,000 cap per claimant, for a total of $1,050,000 per claimant.

The non-economic damage cap of $350,000 per medical entity or practice or person does not apply to economic damages and does not apply to punitive damages. Effective for medical malpractice cases arising on or after July 1, 2005, S.C. Code 15-32-230 further limits liability with regard to emergency obstetrical or emergency department situations. This section eliminates liability on behalf of any person providing emergency care or emergency obstetrical care to a person in immediate threat of death or an immediate threat of serious bodily injury while in an emergency room, obstetrical or surgical suite, unless the health care provider is proven to be grossly negligent. Other caps or limitations may be applicable to a medical malpractice case as well.

STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS

The plaintiff’s attorney must timely bring a medical malpractice suit within the required timeframes. There are time limits on bringing a personal injury lawsuit in the state of South Carolina known as statutes of limitations. See S.C. Code 15-3-530(5); 15-3-535. While a medical malpractice personal injury suit is generally subject to a three year statute of limitations, there may be exceptions depending on the circumstances, such as a medical malpractice case where the negligent conduct may be covered by a concept known as the “discovery rule.” See S.C. Code 15-3-545; Wilson v. Shannon, 299 S.C. 512, 386 S.E.2d 257 (Ct. App. 1989).

The statutes of limitations are different for negligence suits against a South Carolina state government agency pursuant to the South Carolina Tort Claims Act (“TCA”) and the federal government pursuant to the Federal Tort Claims Act (“FTCA”). Under the TCA, a suit must generally be filed within two years, unless a verified claim is filed within a year of the injury, then the statute of limitations is three years. S.C. Code § 15-78-110. Under the FTCA, an administrative tort claim must generally be presented to the subject federal agency within two years. Once a timely administrative tort claim has been filed, there is no statute of limitations on bringing a suit unless the federal agency denies the claim, in which case a suit must be brought in federal court within six months after the denial. 28 U.S.C. 1346(b), 1402, 2401, 2675.

NECESSITY OF AN EXPERT

South Carolina Code 15-79-125 requires, on medical malpractice cases arising on or after July 1, 2005, that before a medical malpractice suit can be filed, a plaintiff has to simultaneously file both a notice of intent to file suit and an affidavit of an expert witness subject to the affidavit requirements established in 15-36-100 in a county in which venue would be proper for filing or initiating the action. Statutory mediation of any such medical malpractice case is required as well, and, there are time limits for filing suit should the attempted mediation fail. As noted above, an expert’s testimony is necessary at trial to prove a breach of the standard of care and proximate cause of the injury, and the medical malpractice lawyer should retain a medical expert early on to assess the case and to be prepared to testify at trial.

Make Money Fast With Affiliate Internet Marketing

Affiliate marketing is a great way for new internet marketers to quickly start earning $10,000+ per month. Accomplishing this, however, will take some sound planning, tools, and tactics. Check out the “good news” and “bad news” below:

1. First the Good News:

The good news is that through the tremendous leverage of the internet there a number of ways to earn to a $10,000.00+ per month income in a relatively short period of time. If you do it right, it is also quite possible for you to become an internet millionaire within just a year or two. The question though is how? Exactly what do you need to do, and what specific steps should you take to accomplish your financial goals?

2. Now the Bad News: The bad news, however, is that there is no magic secret that will enable you to become an internet millionaire overnight. That’s a myth, and simply does not exist…it’s simply an empty marketing promise! Internet marketing is, in fact, a business just any other business, and it requires some hard work, learning, and a solid foundation to achieve any real degree of financial success.

The fact of the matter is that over 90% of new internet marketers fail. And many of these failures are the direct result of people continuing to look for ‘the new magic program’ rather than learning proven basic systems and ‘taking action’. The internet marketing business has some major pitfalls and concerns you must avoid to be successful. eg. Technical issues and problems, information overload….there are so many new programs, ideas, and approaches. It can all be very expensive, time-consuming, and frustrating, but it really doesn’t have to be.

Internet Marketing Basics:

Your internet marketing succes will be based on your marketing and selling high quality products in a niche market to the widest customer base possible. Building a large targeted niche market list that you have a good relationship then with becomes the key to your financial success. But…exactly how do you accomplish that?

There are actually only 4 Key Steps:
1. Selecting Your Products and Niche Market
2. Setting Up Your System eg. Website, Squeeze Page, Autoresponder
3. Getting Lots of Targeted Traffic
4. Converting Traffic to Sales

While each of the above subjects could be the subject of hundreds, and even thousands, of articles, e-books, and training programs, let me suggest that to start earning money fast, you need to find a solid proven program covering the basics that you can copy and implement quickly. Again, solid proven basics, that can be systematized and will work over and over for you. Then once you have laid a solid foundation, and are earning a consistent monthly income, you can expand and multiply your results.

Again, I’d suggest you stop exploring every new fad, promise, and program that someone e-mails you, and instead focus on the basic steps to success. I’d also suggest that it’s faster and easier to achieve your initial financial success with affiliate marketing rather than trying to create your own products to sell. Note the following basic proven steps to success:

1. Niche Market and Products: Select in-demand high-quality products in a niche market that have high profit margins (I’d suggest you consider starting with Clickbank information products). I’d also suggest that it might be good idea, but not absolutely necessary, to select a niche market that you have some personal interest and background in. Follow this by using good keyword research to identify key market niches, analyze your competitive situation, and optimize your website and marketing materials.

2. Your System: Unless you are a high tech computer whiz, I’d suggest that you not try to learn html and all the other technology necessary to create your own system. There are now available fairly inexpensive high quality ready-to-go systems that can be set up and put online in a very short period of time. This allows you to concentrate on marketing to generate traffic and sales, instead of spends month’s being frustrated trying to learn and implement all the technology.

3. Getting Targeted Traffic: Instead of spending months’ trying to learn and implement every possible traffic generating technique, I’d suggest initially concentrating on a couple of proven ‘free’ traffic generating and list-building approaches eg. offering a free report, newsletter, or e-book, writing articles, learning to blog , or making joint venture offers. Then later you can learn more advanced SEO techniques, PPC, and Google AdSense.

4. Converting Traffic to Sales: As to copywriting, I would suggest that you adapt and use proven available affiliate marketing materials for your squeeze page, and pre-sales pages, instead of trying to write all the sales copy yourself, so you can ‘earn as you learn’. Secondly, I would also suggest that it’s critical for you to adapt the attitude of providing quality information, materials, and service to you opt-in list rather than just focusing on making a quick sale. Never provide bad information or products to your niche list, as doing so would cause a breach in their trust and confidence in you and result in a large number of unsubscribes.

overcome home sickness while volunteering abroad

Home illness is defined as misery caused by separation from a specific home environment. Students who be a part of universities and faculties or individuals who move abroad are suffering from homesickness. As they may be uncovered to specific environments and new people they may be from time to time conquer with the aid of homesickness. Some college students don’t get homesick, however there are others who’re overwhelmed by the brand new experience. The fundamental symptoms and signs of homesickness are: Nostalgia, grief, melancholy, tension, topophilia, adjustment problems, withdrawal, unhappiness, claustrophobia, and agoraphobia. Homesickness is felt more by the individuals who are furthest from home for instance international volunteers, international students, worldwide people and expats. Homesickness can strike at any moment, one week into the volunteer abroad work or a month later. It’s natural for volunteers to end up homesick as they’re many miles away from domestic and they could’t move returned as soon as they want. Here are a couple of treatments to homesickness:

Keep in touch

Keeping in contact with own family and old friends who are at home, is one in all manner of maintaining homesickness at bay. The volunteers can use the subsequent to hold in touch: emails, Skype, Facebook, Tweeter, calling and texting. Most of these assets are to be had in lots of parts of the world except the volunteer is in faraway regions. The nice of the resources varies depending at the location of the volunteer as an example the rate and availability of net. When feeling lonely and homesick the volunteer ought to try and talk with individuals who are again at domestic. Talking to them will lift up the spirits of the volunteers. Finding out matters which can be occurring at domestic will assist the volunteer sense related to their families. Although talking to family and pals is brilliant it have to be done to a minimal as too much communication with them will lead the volunteer to experience extra homesick. Keeping in contact need to be completed less and much less till the volunteer is used to the brand new vicinity.

Carry something from domestic

Carrying some thing from home should assist the volunteer conquer homesickness. Carry matters that have a few sentimental value and could remind the volunteer of home. The volunteer can bring developed photos, a pillow from domestic, perfume or cologne of a cherished one, favourite films, song, crammed animals and an antique scrapbook. Having those acquainted things will make the region in which the volunteer is staying more relaxed. These small mementos remind the volunteers about domestic and make her or him happy.

Make buddies

Making new buddies is a wonderful way to get over homesickness. While the volunteer is abroad, s/he should make buddies with the local community and other volunteers. As there might be different volunteers running with them, they may help to adjust to the new environment. The other volunteers will assist to form a help community wherein they may help remedy common problems. The volunteer may be capable to speak about his or her emotions about lacking home and the others will assist them. The different volunteers will cheer up the homesick volunteer. Constantly assembly new humans will take the volunteers thoughts faraway from domestic and help to include the new environment. Meeting new humans will help to suit into the new tradition. Spending time with different humans treatment options homesickness.

Best Tools For Internet Marketing

As a new internet marketer you will be tempted to handle things manually by yourself. This will make you feel more comfortable and not overwhelmed. At the same time, trying to run your business this way can take up quite a lot of time. Why waste your time when there are all sorts of tools out there that you can use to smooth out your process and speed things up? These resources cannot be labelled as shortcuts only. They can do more to help maintain your business in an effective manner. Here are some of the resources that you should utilize.}

A website is one of your most basic needs if you want to start an online business. That’s why you need to choose a web hosting service right away, so you can start to build your site. The web host you choose can have a big impact on your business, so it’s an important choice. It can be a little daunting to make this choice, as it’s something you have to focus on immediately. You want to consider the reputation of the company, along with their rates and the variety of hosting plans they offer. It’s best to choose a company that not only gives you several hosting options, but that makes it simple to switch from one to another whenever you want. Try to find customer reviews for the web hosting company. Can you call on them any time that you need help? Consider all of these things before making a final choice.

Across the board, Internet Marketers use PayPal for transactions for their products and services. Universally accepted, and easy to use, PayPal is the transaction company of choice. That doesn’t mean that you have to use it for your business. Payment processing systems are in abundance – that’s for sure. You might want to try Google Checkout also. Payment processing can be set up through your bank or credit union. Just be sure it is a reliable payment processor. It needs to have a good reputation. It needs to be secure. Before you settle into one payment processor, make sure that you can verify all of these things before going with them.

It is certainly possible to keep track of the money you bring in and the money you send out with a pen and paper. Using Excel would serve you better. If you cannot afford an accountant, the best choice would be to purchase solid bookkeeping software to help you. Using the software will allow you to go from simply jotting numbers down to taking into account your expenses and income made. So when you go to file taxes, your financial information from your bank will be much more easily accessible. Quicken and QuickBooks are just a few of the programs available.

There are all sorts of things that can make your life as an Internet Marketer easier. Sure, when you are just starting out, you are going to be tempted to try to take on everything yourself. Many tools, however, can enable you to build your business faster and make it more profitable. These are just a few things that will help you get properly set up.Source1: view
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